Military service of women born on or after March 20, 1926.
Polish citizens obliged to active military service did not lose Polish citizenship when acquiring foreign citizenship (Article 11 (1) of the Act of 1920). In accordance with the commonly accepted views of the doctrine and jurisprudence, this applied to men of recruiting age. It should be remembered, however, that women were also, at some point during the application of the 1920 Act, obliged to auxiliary military service. Pursuant to § 16 of the regulation of the Minister of National Defense of December 14, 1942 (Journal of Laws 1942.11.25 of 1942.12.31), auxiliary military service performed by women is tantamount to active military service, which protected against loss of Polish citizenship as a result of acquiring foreign citizenship.
This fact is indicated by W. Ramus "Institutions of law on Polish citizenship", ed. 1980 p. 244. Pursuant to the Act of April 9, 1938 on universal military duty (Journal of Laws No. 25, item 220, as amended), selected categories of women aged 19 to 45 were subject to the obligation of auxiliary military service. From March 20, 1945, this obligation was extended to all women. However, in the period from May 29, 1950 to April 22, 1959, the Act of February 4, 1950 on universal military duty (Journal of Laws No. 6, item 46) was in force. At that time, women were subject to military duty until the age of 18 to 40 (auxiliary military service).
This means that women, in the period when women were subject to military service, did not lose Polish citizenship as a result of acquiring foreign citizenship. The view, although accepted in the doctrine, has not yet been reflected in the jurisprudence of administrative courts.
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